Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami



Bhagawan says that one among the three beliefs that Bharathiyaas hold fast is the concept of Avatars. The other two being the law of Karma and the doctrine of rebirth. Humanity recognises only the momentary results of the advent of Avatar but as Bhagawan says, the only and very purpose of Avatar is to teach mankind the truth about Love. One such Avatar who displayed the principle of Love in every act of His is Lord Krishna.

Fortunate are we to be the contemporaries of the Poorna Avatar Bhagawan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. We are blessed to listen about other Avatars directly from Bhagawan Baba, which is like an auto-biography. In this posting, Bhagawan speaks about the birth of Krishna and the message of Krishna Avatar.

This posting is a collection of excerpts from the Divine Discourses of Bhagawan in the years 1989, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2003.

In the 1st audio clip, Bhagawan explains the reason and the essential factors why God incarnates. He goes on to explain in clip 1B, the beauty of Krishna Thatwa/Krishna principle. He then goes on to explain in clip 2A, the master plan of the Lord regarding taking up an Avatar as Krishna. In clip 2B, Bhagawan reveals the birthday of Krishna according to the English calendar. In clip 2C, He talks of the misunderstanding that prevails among people about timing of Krishna’s birth. He then goes on to explain in clip 2D, the true birthplace and the true birthday of Krishna. Bhagawan elaborates in clip 3A, the events immediately after Krishna’s birth. In clip 3B, Bhagawan talks about the naming ceremony of little Krishna. He explains in clip 4, different meanings and inner significance of the name ‘Krishna’. He talks of the supreme message of Krishna’s life in clip 5. In clips 6A, 6B, and 6C Bhagawan explains the three vows that Krishna took. Finally, in the 7th clip, Bhagawan explains the purpose of Avatars, and lessons that devotees must take home.

1A. Why Avatars Come-1995 May 21

Whenever cruelty, falsehood and unrighteousness reach intolerable proportions, God incarnates on Earth to destroy the wrongdoers. God Himself steps into the world. Why should God Himself come down? Could He not send His powers or deputies to complete this task? If there is a small case (disturbance), a police constable will come to the scene first. If it intensifies further it will be handled by a S.P (Superintendent of Police). If the case is even more demanding, the D.I.G (Deputy Inspector General of Police) will take it up. Beyond a limit, the I.G.P (Inspector General of Police) himself will look into the case. Therefore, based on the duties and task at hand, a suitable action needs to be undertaken. Today’s world is boiling with lots of agitation. Similarly, Kamsa’s reign was full of agitation. There was a sense of insecurity among all the citizens of the kingdom. They weren’t sure which Yadava would be ordered to be executed and beheaded. Nobody’s life was secure. They lived a life filled with fear and anxiety.

Under those circumstances, God decided to incarnate and destroy such wicked people. The advent of every Avatar has two reasons: one, the prayers of the devotees; and two, the atrocities of the wicked people. The unity of these two factors too is very essential.

1B. Krishna Thatwa-1996 Sept 4

The Krishna Avatar was intended to teach a perennial message to the world. He sought nothing for Himself. He kept nothing for Himself. He gave away everything to the people. He slayed His maternal uncle Kamsa and installed Ugrasena, Kamsa’s father, on the throne. He did not covet the Kingdom. He befriended the Pandavas, defeated the Kauravas and crowned Dharmaja as the emperor. He did not make Himself the king. He was a king without a crown. He was the king of kings. He had no kingdom of His own. Infact, every human heart is His kingdom. This is the profound truth proclaimed by the Krishna Thatwa (Krishna principle).

2A. Lord’s Master Plan-1995 May 21

Divinity summoned Maya Shakthi. Devaki Devi had conceived her seventh child. All the events were unfolding as per His master plan. Vasudeva had two wives. They were housed at Nanda’s place to be guarded against the atrocities of Kamsa. The Lord summoned Yoga Maya Shakti and instructed, “Devaki Devi had conceived her seventh child. Don’t keep this child in her womb any further. This child is an incarnation of Adishesha Himself. Now, transfer this child to the womb of Rohini”. Hence, Balarama (the child born to Rohini) is also called by the name Sankarshanudu. Sankarshana means “transferring from one place to another”. Thus, Maya Shakti transferred the seventh child from Devaki Devi’s womb to Rohini’s womb and assisted in the Divine master plan to annihilate the demons. The Lord further instructed Maya Shakti to enter into the womb of Yashoda (wife of Nanda). “I will Myself enter Devaki Devi’s womb as her eighth child.”

2B. Krishna’s Birthday as per English Calender-2001 Aug 11

When was Krishna actually born? He was born 3228 years before Christ era in the month of Suguna on the 20th of July at 3 a.m. This is 2001 A.D. Before Christ it was 3228 years ago. As of today, He will be 5229 years old. He was born on the auspicious day of Sravana-Bahula-Ashtami. He was born in the Rohini Nakshatra (star). Since Krishna was born on the Ashtami day in the Rohini star, the world witnessed numerous miraculous events.

2C. Significance of Birth Timing-1990 Aug 14

Krishna was born in the Krishnapaksha. What is Krishnapaksha? Krishnapaksha means darkness (the dark fortnight of the month). At night there will be no moonlight. It is full of darkness. In peacelessness (Ashanti) there is radiance (Prakaanti). In that radiance there is Supreme Light (Paramjyothi). This Supreme Light is verily the Divine (Paramatma). Light has its value in darkness alone, but not in brightness. Similarly, when the entire world was filled with restlessness (Ashanti), which is unrighteous, Krishna took birth as the Embodiment of supreme peace.

He was born on Ashtami day. People associate Ashtami with troubles and losses. But when do troubles and losses arise in the world? Only when Righteousness (Dharma) is forgotten. Thus, to remove the troubles and losses of mankind; to dispel the darkness; to drive away ignorance; and to teach mankind Divine knowledge, Lord Krishna incarnated through Sravanam.

(Note – Lord Krishna was born in the month of Sravana. Bhagawan also brings out the significance of the word Sravanam (devout listening). In the discourse, Bhagawan goes on to talk about teaching the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna through the path of Sravanam.)

2D. True Birthday and Birthplace of Krishna-2003 Aug 19

Only when every man’s heart becomes cool, pure, peaceful, that is the true birthday of Krishna. There is no need to worry about the Thithis of Ashtami or Navami. Every man’s Hridaya (heart) is the birthplace of Krishna. The Hridaya must be peaceful, pure like the Himachala (the Himalayan mountains). It must be pure and cool. God manifests and installs Himself only in those hearts.

3A. Birth Story of Krishna-1995 May 21

God Himself incarnated as the child. The Divine effulgence of the child illuminated the surroundings. Devaki and Vasudeva bowed to the child. What is the reason? They were aware that God would be born as their child. The Lord had appeared to them in a dream the previous night and, “I will take birth from your womb at dawn”. Indeed the Divine child incarnated. “But, what is the use ? How do we protect this child?”, thought the parents. They were worried about His safety. This was the impact of Maya, delusion! They knew He was Divine. How can they protect the Divine?

The Lord had already instructed Vasudeva to take the Divine child out soon after birth. Vasudeva placed the baby in a small basket and was wondering how he would go out. In a trice, the chains that tied his hands came loose. The doors flung open. It was three o’clock in the thick of the night. The gatekeepers were fast asleep. No one else was around. Vasudeva quietly walked out of the dungeon. As he proceeded, there was a tremendous downpour of rain. This was a sign of the intense joy; and purity of the occasion. Even the clouds were ecstatic at the Divine Advent. Placing the basket on his head, Vasudeva walked towards Gokulam. But, river Yamuna flowed across his path. When God Himself was going, who could obstruct Him? Adisesha covered the basket carrying the Divine child. The river parted and made way as they proceeded. At that very moment, Yashoda gave birth to Maya Shakti. Everyone was fast asleep at Gokulam also. Vasudeva switched the babies and returned. It was all done according to the Divine Command. But nobody believes this today. This was a Divine Plan.

In keeping with God’s command, Vasudeva placed the Lord next to Yashoda and returned to Mathura with the girl child. God’s ways are so mysterious! Only after Vasudeva returned and placed the baby girl next to Devaki Devi, did the guards wake up. The prison doors were found open and the guards were gripped with fear. The baby girl cried out loudly.

3B. Garga Names the Baby as Krishna-2001 Aug 11

Sage Garga went to the house of Yashoda and Nanda for the naming ceremony of the babies. He exclaimed, “What I am seeing here today is strange. I have never heard of this in my life!” Incarnations generally occur in three colours of Shukla (white), Aruna (orange) and Pita (yellow). But here was a baby who was black. Hence, Garga considered the name Krishna (black) as most appropriate.

4. Meaning of the Name Krishna-1990 Aug 14

4A. Krishyathi Iti Krishnah

We must understand properly the meaning of the term Krishna. The word has three meanings.


One is “Krishyathi iti Krishnah” (The one who cultivates is Krishna). What is it that has to be cultivated? The Hridayakshetra (field of the heart). Krishna cultivates the field of our hearts. He removes the weeds of bad thoughts, softens the heart by watering it with love, ploughs it through sadhana, and sows the seeds of Lord’s name. Thus, Krishna is one who cultivates our hearts.

4B. Karshathi Iti Krishnah

The second meaning of the word is: “Karshathi iti Krishnah.” (The one who attracts is Krishna). Karsha refers to attraction. Krishna attracts you by His eyes, His speech, His sports, His flute. Everything related to Krishna is attractive. By His words, He softens and calms the hearts of even those filled with anger and makes them rejoice.


Krishna displayed these qualities even as a small child. Once He had entered the house of a gopika at night, climbed a pillar to get to the curds that were kept in a pot suspended from the ceiling. The gopika came with a lot of anger, caught Him in the act and held and blocked the pillar, saying that she would now expose Him before His mother Yashoda. She asked Him what He was doing at the top of the pillar. Krishna, in the most innocent manner, answered that He was searching for the calf that was missing from His house. The gopika could not contain her laughter at the answer. She laughed loudly and let go of the pillar to cover her mouth. This gave Him the chance to slide down the pillar and make a good escape. This way, every aspect of Krishna is full of attraction. He is attraction itself.

4C. Kushyathi Iti Krishnah

A third meaning of the word Krishna is “Kushyathi iti Krishnah” (one who is always joyful). Kush means joy. Krishna was always in a state of joy.

5. Prema Thatwa – Message of Life of Krishna-1989 Aug 24

The supreme message of the life of Krishna is Prema Thatwa (Love Principle) alone. Devoid of love, one cannot understand Krishna Thatwa. This Prema Thatwa will confer everything to the world. Krishna is the embodiment of Love. This love can be understood only through love. Divine love is strong, precious, splendorous and unbreakable like a diamond. If you want to secure such Divine love, your love (for God) must be equally strong. You can cut a diamond only with another diamond. If there is any defect in your love, it should be removed only through love. Love begets love. It is impossible to attain love through hatred. Hatred only breeds even more hatred. Jealousy begets jealousy. Anger breeds further anger. Through love alone can love be developed. Therefore, if you want to foster love, you have to get rid of hatred, jealousy and anger. Is there a need to use a torchlight, or a lantern, or a petromax light to see the naturally illuminating moon? No. There is no need for any of these accessories. The Moon can be seen by its own light. Similarly, to attain Krishna, the very embodiment of love, love is the only way.

6. The Three Vows that Krishna Took

6A. Paritranaya Sadhunam-28 April 1999
Paritranaaya Sadhunaam
Vinaashaayacha Dushkrutaam
Sambhavaami Yuge Yuge

What is the meaning of Sambhavam? One who expresses and manifests Himself according to His Will, unrestricted by rules, wherever and whenever necessary, is called as Sambhavaha


The Bhagavad Gita says – Whenever righteousness declines, O Arjuna, and unrighteousness rises, I incarnate. To protect the pious and destroy the wicked, to establish dharma, I incarnate in every age.


The word Sambhavaami means: He incarnates whenever necessary, wherever necessary, not bound by any rules. Thus, man recognised the various qualities of God and attributed names describing each aspect.

6B. Yogakshemam Vahaamyham-1998 April 19

Ananyaschinthayantho Maam
Ye Janah Paryupaasathe
Theshaam Nithyaabhiyukthaanaam
Yogakshemam Vahaamyaham

Whoever it may be (Ye Janaah Pari Upaasate), if he thinks of Me (worships Me) all the time (Ananyaas Chintayanto Maam), I will take care of his/her day to day welfare (Teshaam Nityaabhi Yuktaanaam, Yogakshemam Vahaamyaham).

It must be Ananya Bhakti. If the devotion is limited to just oneself and one’s family, it becomes ordinary devotion. If one prays with the feeling that one should be fine and the society should also be fine, then it is somewhat better – medium level.


The one who understands the principle that all are one, all beings are one, he is the one with true infinite devotion (Ananya Bhakti). Ananya Bhakti does not mean Sarvada Sarvakaaleshu Sarvatra Harichintanam – that is praying to the Lord non-stop all the time. Ananya means not perceiving any differences; it means considering and seeing everybody as one. There is Divinity in everyone, everybody is essentially Divine.

6C. Sarva Dharmaan Parithyajya-1991 July 26

Sarva Dharmaan Parityajya
Maam Ekam Saranam Vraja
Aham Tvaam Sarva-Paapebhyo
Mokshayishyaami Maa Shucha

In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna called upon Arjuna to renounce all Dharmas and seek refuge in Him alone – “Sarva Dharmaan Parityajya Maam Ekam Saranam Vraja.” What is meant by Dharma? In the present context, Dharma refers to the specific quality of each object. Heat, for instance, is the Dharma of fire in a burning charcoal. Without heat, it is mere charcoal. Sweetness is the Dharma (natural quality) of sugar. Without sweetness, it ceases to be sugar. It becomes sand. Likewise, there is a Dharma (natural tendency) for man. What is it? Desire for things. It is natural for man to multiply his desires. “Sarva Dharmaan Parithyajya” means giving up all desires. This is also called Vairagya (detachment).


Note: Following passage is extracted from a discourse given by Bhagawan on 6-9-1977

“Mokshayishyaami Maa Shucha” (I shall save all those who surrender whole-heartedly to Me, and I shall liberate them from the cycle of birth and death). Thus Krishna assured man that He would save him from penury and grief and from sin and its terrible consequences, provided he adheres to Him and adores Him.

7. Lesson for Devotees-1997 Aug 25

There are many things in this world. There is intelligence and education, but can one become an expert instantly? There is a need for a teacher. Likewise, God descends in human form to guide mankind on the path of God realisation. We need to know this truth. Why do Avatars come? Avatar does not come without a purpose. Avatars come to uplift the creation (Prakriti).

Having been born as a human, man must not forget the importance of human birth. Human birth is rare and it must be utilised for the right purpose. God instructs the right path to redeem human birth. Festivals like Raama Navami and Krishna Janmashtami are designed to remind people about the purpose of human life. Observe how the cows behave. When they notice a green pasture, they hurriedly eat as much as they can. Once they return to their resting place, they leisurely chew the cud and digest it. Similarly, absorb the sacred teachings as much as you can during your stay here. Recollect and ruminate over them when you go back home. You are listening to what is being told here. Do not forget them. Once you return home, ruminate over what has been told here and put it into practice. Practise is important. Mere hearing is not enough. Every human is Divine, whatever is done that is God’s work. Always contemplate on God and sanctify the time


1. What are the two essential factors for the incarnation of God?

2. What does Krishna Thatwa (Krishna principle) proclaim?

3. When is Krishna’s birthday as per English calendar and Indian calendar?

4. Generally, people associate Ashtami with troubles and losses. But what is the actual reason given by Bhagawan, for the troubles and losses in life?

5. Krishna was born in the Krishnapaksha, the dark fortnight of the month. In this context, what does Krishna’s advent signify?

6. Which is the true birthplace of Krishna and When does the true birth of Krishna happen?

7. What are the three colours in which the incarnations generally occur? Was Krishna’s colour one among them? What was the colour of Krishna?

8. The name Krishna signifies three different aspects of the Lord. What are they?

9. What is the supreme message of Krishna’s life? What is the only way to attain Krishna?

10. Recollect the three vows that Krishna took.

11. What lessons must devotees take home, regarding the teachings, from the behaviour of cows?
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Unity in Diversity

Unity in Diversity


The cornerstone of the ancient wisdom of the Bharatiya culture is Cosmic Oneness. The Vedas declare – Ekam Eva Adveeteeyam Brahma(Brahman is Only One, Not Two). Bhagawan explaining further, asks as to why the ancients did not just say, “Ekam Brahma” (Brahman is One)? Because, they wished to stress on the aspect of Oneness. Therefore, they declared “Ekam Eva Brahma” (Brahman is only One). But, they did not stop with this too. They very well recognized the frailty of the human mind. To remove any scope for misinterpretation or misunderstanding or ambiguity, they added one more word “Adveeteeyam” (Not two). They finally declared, “Ekam Eva Adveeteeyam Brahma” (Brahman is Only One. Not Two).        
Bhagawan, through a number of discourses, has again and again drawn the focus of the human mind to bear upon this Cosmic Oneness or Cosmic Unity. No doubt, creation is full of diversity. This diversity, Bhagawan states, is by conscious design. But the true challenge is for man to see through this diversity and recognize the principle of underlying Oneness or Unity. All spiritual Sadhana has just one objective – to calm the mind and tune in to the wavelength of Cosmic Oneness. To recognize and live this principle of Oneness or Unity is verily the goal of human life and the purpose of all spiritual practices.
We use the word “Unity’ so often in our daily parlance. But when Bhagawan refers to Unity, it stands far above its conventional connotation. Yes, unity is about living together in harmony, about coordination and understanding in a family, in a community, in society and in the nation. But, Bhagawan refers to Unity at a more fundamental level. He refers to Unity inherent deep within the recesses of our hearts and appeals to all of us to recognize this Oneness and base all out thoughts, words and actions on this feeling of Oneness. In this posting, Bhagawan takes us through several layers of unity, as it were, starting from the basic gross level of unity to the ultimate and fundamental subtle level of unity. With several profound examples and analogies, Bhagawan enables the human mind to make this paradigm shift from perceiving the silver glass to perceiving the silver, from focusing on the name and form to focusing on the content and essence. The 16 audio excerpts in this posting have been taken from the Discourses delivered by Bhagawan in the years 1989, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001 and 2002.
For the purpose of easy reading and comprehension, the posting has been presented in five sections, viz Introduction, Change in – Vision – Not Creation, Focus on Fundamental Unity, Profound Illustrations and Pathways to Unity in Diversity.
Introduction: In Clip-1 Bhagawan explains how intellectuals fragment unity whereas men of character unite many into the One. In Clip-2 Bhagawan stresses on the need for developing Vishaala Bhaavam (broad minded feelings). Clip-3 talks about Unity in Diversity as the key aspect of Bharatiya culture.
Change in – Vision – Not Creation: In Clip-4 Bhagawan explains how we need to change our Drushti(vision) and not Srushti (creation). Clip-5 compares unity to wisdom and diversity to ignorance. In Clip-6 Bhagawan explains how by understanding the principle of the atom, we can understand true unity.
Focus on Fundamental Unity: In Clip-7 Bhagawan drwas our attention to some fundamental unifying aspects in mankind, such as hunger, thirst etc. In Clip-8 Bhagawan helps the mind to perceive Unity by shifting the focus from the chariot (physical body) to the charioteer (Atman or Self). Clip-9 and Clip-10 present the popular Telugu verses often sung by Bhagawan that highlight unity in diversity through many day to day examples in our life.  
Profound Illustrations: Clip-11 presents the profound example of the multiple pots and one reflection of the sun to illustrate the principle of unity. Clip-12 presents the analogy of the flower garland and the unseen binding thread to explain the aspect of unity. In Clip-13 Bhagawan gives the example of many sweets but the same sweetness, many bulbs but one current to illustrate the principle of oneness.
Pathways to Unity in Diversity: Clip-14 talks of Samyak Drushti as a prerequisite to perceive unity in diversity. In Clip-15 Bhagawan narrates the most profound example of the sculptor and the sculpture to drive home the point of Oneness. Finally in Clip-16 Bhagawan presents Work-Worship-Wisdom as means to see Unity in Diversity.   
Each audio clip has a name that adopts the following code: Serial number, Title appropriate to the key content, Duration of the clip, Year-Month-Date of the Clip. Below the title is the translation in English of the select excerpt of the Discourse, followed by the audio player. The post ends with a short quiz that would help you evaluate your assimilation of Bhagawan’s Message from these extracts.  
Note: Those receiving this blog by email may see words bunched together due to a technical glitch. That is beyond my control. Please click on link at the top of the email to read the blog directly. Sorry about this. If anyone has a solution to this please help me out.
01-Unity in Diversity-0.58-1996 July 13
Unity in Diversity
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There are so many educated and intellectual people in this world. There are so many intellectuals who fragment the one into many, but there are no intellectuals who are able to unite many into the one. Therefore, an intellectual fragments the one into many but an individual of character unites many into the one. This is unity in diversity. We need to recognize this unity in diversity. The names and forms of the physical body may be many but the Truth in the form of the Divine, is the same in all the beings.   


02-Develop Unity and a Broad Heart-Vishaala Bhavam-2.02-1996 July 15
Develop Vishaala Bhavam
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Today, students are losing the broadmindedness in their feelings. It is only I and mine. Then what will be the fate of the other people? All are children of God. All are brothers. Without any conflict, we should live in camaraderie and progress together. We must develop forbearance and feeling of brotherhood. Unity is very important. Practice of Unity is the path to progress. It is not just about saying, Hello, Hello. We should work together. It is said that by working together, we will earn merit.   

Therefore, students today must have broadminded feelings. We must develop a broadminded heart. Where is this heart in our body? The organ on the left side is the physical heart. It is not the Hrudaya. The physical heart is like the main switch of the body. It is the switch board. But Hrudaya is not that. Hrudaya is present all over the body. This (spiritual) heart has no limits or boundaries. It is present everywhere. Therefore,
Sarvatah Panipaadam Tat Sarvatokshishiromukham (Bhagavad Gita – 13.13)
(With hands and feet everywhere, with eyes, heads and faces everywhere)
Therefore, all those who are within the ambit of our heart, are our relations. We this kind of fellowship, we must live our life with unity.


03-Key aspect of Bharatiya Culture is Unity in Diversity-3.00-2002 April 13
Let us live and grow together
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Bharatiya culture is the sacred culture that wishes us to recognize unity in diversity and thus fulfill the purpose of humanity. However, today, the opposite path is being followed. The one is being fragmented into many. There is an increase, day by day, in the number of educated and intellectual people who fragment the one into many; but there is a drop in the (number of) people who recognize and practice unity in diversity.

Bharatiyas themselves are not able to realize how noble, sacred, and fulfilling the Bharatiya culture is. Not only this;
Sahasrasheerusha Purushaha Sahasraaksha Sahasrapaat
(The Purusha or the Supreme Being has thousand heads, thousand eyes and thousand feet i.e. all heads, eyes and feet are His)
The ancient Bharatiyas never forgot their Vedic culture. They spent their time fruitfully with Divine feelings and noble conduct. Prior to the beginning of the modern age, the ancient people, the ancient culture and the ancient seers desired for harmony and unity among all the people. The Bharatiya culture prescribed,
Kalasi Melesi Tirugudaam, Kalasi Melesi Perugudaam
Kalasi Telesi Telesikonna Telivini Poshinchudaam
Kalasi Melesi Kalataleka Chelimito Jeevinchudaam
Let us move about together, let us grow together, let us learn together and let us promote knowledge together, let us live together in friendship without any conflict (Telugu verse).
But where is this (today)? We are not able to see any living or mingling together. If there are four people living in a home, all four will have their different feelings. Unity is the very life of humans, and practice of unity is the very goal. We are losing such Divine unity today.  


Change in – Vision – not Creation
04-See Unity in Diversity-Change vision-Not creation-1.58-1996 March 20
Change your Vision
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God is one. The goal is one and the Truth is one. But we need to change our vision (Drushti). There is no need to change the creation (Srushti). Creation is God’s creation only. Change your vision. Develop the vision of Love towards all. There is no greater vision than the vision of Love.

Therefore, every man must understand one thing clearly. Every educated person, every intellectual, every scientist is promoting diversity in unity and there is an increase in the number of such intellectuals. They are observing diversity in unity. Why should they not perceive unity in diversity? The one who sees unity in diversity is a virtuous person. And it is the intellectual who splits unity into diversity. The virtuous person is far greater than an intellectual person.
In any nation, at any point of time, are there any two individuals who have similar form and looks, and who have similar intelligence? Even among twins there are some differences. The Divine creation is so strange. Each one is on his own and has one’s own strength. But the underlying principle of all strength is Divinity. 


05-Unity is Wisdom-Diversity is Ignorance-1.09-2000 May 22
Unity is Wisdom
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The same Atma (Soul) is present in all the five elements. There are no many Atmas. Ekaatma Sarvabhootaantaraatma (The same one Self is the inner Self in all the beings). Humanity is following all foolish approaches because of fragmenting the unity into diversity. We must recognize the Unity in Diversity. That is the true path of the Knower (wise one). But dividing the one into the many is a quality of ignorance. We should not divide the one into the many. By doing so, the power in each one reduces. To understand the Divine sacred Atmic principle, it is enough to follow (the path of) unity.     


06-Wisdom is realization that the same Atma-Atom is present in all-2.19-1996 July 17
Anoraneeyaan Mahatomaheeyaan
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The same principle of the Atman exists in all. Wisdom is recognizing this oneness in all the diversity. Perceiving the oneness as diverse is ignorance. Today there are many intellectuals who fragment unity into multiplicity. However, noble souls who see unity in diversity are just one or two. Therefore, we must make an effort to recognize the unity in all this diversity. Unity in diversity is inherent in every small work that we undertake. How is this? Science students know this very well. The atom is very minute. There is no matter without atoms. The atom exists in all matter. You are recognizing the differences in the name and form of the matter but the atom in all is one and the same. This is referred to as “Anoraneeyaan Mahatomaheeyaan” (the smallest among the small and the biggest among the big) in the Vedanta. Therefore, if we are able to understand this principle of the atom, then we will be able to understand everything. 


Focus on Fundamental Unity
07-Hunger-Thirst-Breath are all One for everybody-3.52-1993 May 25
Beings are many, Breath is one

Prapancha – what do we mean by Prapancha? The blossoming of the five elements is Prapancha (world). Therefore, in this world, we enable the blossoming of the five elements. We are enabling the blossoming of the five elements but we are not unifying them. We are instead fragmenting them. We are fragmenting unity into multiplicity. That is why this world is growing so large. But the main goal of mankind is to perceive the unity in diversity. We should have full faith in the (principle of) unity (that exists) in everyone.    

See, in this hall, so many people are seated. We must recognize the unity that exists in all these varied people. That is, “Beings are many but Breath is One”. There are no differences such as “your breath’ and “my breath”, or “your inhalation and exhalation” and “my inhalation and exhalation”. All of us breathe in and breathe out the same air. Recognize the unity in this.
Sariram Ratham Eva Cha – All bodies are like chariots. Atmaanam Rathinam Viddhi – The Atma (Self) is the charioteer (Kaha Upaniṣhad (1.3.3–4,9)).
Bodies are the chariots. The chariots are different. But the charioteer is one. This is unity in diversity. Men may be of different temperaments. But how do we see unity in diversity? We must understand that unity which compulsorily exists in all. A millionaire has not dropped down from the sky; the pauper has not taken birth from the mud. Both the millionaire and the pauper have taken birth from the mother’s womb. This is unity. Again hunger in a millionaire and a pauper (is the same). The pauper may drink some porridge. The millionaire may consume luxurious and sumptuous food. Food may be different but hunger is one. Therefore, we must see the unity in this. Next comes the death of man. Millionaire or a pauper – death is only one. Anyone can recognize this. Next, the thirst is also one. A rich man may drink very good cool-drink, whereas the pauper may drink water flowing in a canal. Water may be different but there is no difference in the thirst. Enquiring properly into the unity in diversity is the foundation for Divinity. But man today is not leading such a life.  


08-How to see Unity in Diversity-Focus on charioteer and not chariot-2.38-1996 March 20
Focus on Charioteer
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How can we see Unity in Diversity? Birth and death are common to all, be it a millionaire or a pauper. The millionaire has not dropped from the heaven nor has the pauper emerged from the earth. Both are born from the womb of the mother. This is common to all. Hunger and thirst are also common to all. The millionaire also feels hungry and the pauper also feels hungry. The millionaire will have rich and luxurious food whereas the pauper will have simple food. The food may be different but hunger is one. This is Oneness. Go anywhere in the world and see. You will find that birth and death, hunger and thirst are common to all.

Coming to thirst; is not the pauper thirsty and is not the millionaire also thirsty? When the rich man is thirsty, he may have a cool drink, whereas a poor man, when he is thirsty, may have porridge or water. But their thirst is one. Therefore, the Vedas have declared that the physical body is the chariot and the Atma is the charioteer. The chariot and the charioteer are same for all. There are no differences here. All these differences are imaginary. Everything is same in God’s creation. So, see Unity in Diversity. That is the true Upanishad. The same life (principle) exists in you, Me, and all others. There is only one Being.
Then wherefrom do the differences arise? Based on the body, behavior and feelings, all the differences arise. But the principle of the heart is the same in all.   


09-All countries belong to one Mansion-Telugu verse-Many and One-1.35-2002 July 21
Cows are many, Milk is one
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All countries together make a mansion. Each country is like a room. Therefore, do not divide. It is because of this division that mankind is getting ruined. You should not make a division among Sai devotees too. All should remain united. Humanity is one race and Mankind is one family. There may be differences in colour, name and form. But Divinity is one.

Pasuvulanniyuveru Paalu Okkate
Jeeva Jantuluveru Jeevundu Okkade
Jaatineetuluveru Janmam Okkate
Darsanambuluveru Daivambu Okkade
Poovulajaatuluveru Pujalu Okkate
Cows are many but milk is one
Beings are many but the indweller is one
Caste and codes are many but life is one
Vision (paths) are many but God is one
Therefore, we must not recognize any differences in caste and community. We must give up all such feelings and develop the principle of love.


10-Many and One -Cows are many-Milk is one-Telugu verse-3.22-1998 April 18
Jewels are many, Gold is one
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All the worlds belong to God. Names and forms may be separate but the Divine power is one, wherever you may go. Even among human beings, names and forms are separate, but the principle of the Atma is one. In the morning, one spiritual seeker asked, “Swami, there are crores of devotees in this world. How can there be only one Atma in all of them? Would it not depend on each one’s deservedness?” To that, I replied thus. When we decorate (a hall), we use so many small (light) bulbs for decoration. Each bulb is different from the other. Their forms (shapes) may be different. Their capacities (voltage) may be different. But is it not the same (principle of) current (flowing) in all?

Matamulanniyuveru Maargambu Okkate
Vastrabhedamuveru Vastu Okkate
Srungaaramuluveru Bangaram Okkate
Pasuluvarnninuveru Paalu Okkate
Jeevajantuluveru Jeevundu Okkade
Poovulajaatuluveru Pujalu Okkate
Bratukukosamu Bahubaadha Badhulairee
Intakannanuvereti Erugaparatu
Saadhusadgunasanyulav Sabhyulaara
Religions are many but path is one   
Cloths are many but yarn (material) is one
Jewels are many but gold is one
Colours of cows are many but milk is one
Beings are many but indweller is one
Flowers are many but worship is one
Man is bound by so many troubles for mere survival
What else is to be communicated to you,
O members of this august and sacred assembly?
Though bulbs may be different, the current flowing through them is not different. Every body is like a bulb. The names and forms may be different. The colours may be different. The voltages may be different. But the (principle of ) current is one. We use a dim (light) bulb in our bedroom. We use a bright (light) bulb in the drawing room. But can we say that there is a different current flowing in the two bulbs? The (principle of) current flowing through both of them is the same. But the voltage is low in one and is higher in the other. Similarly basing on one’s deservedness, one gets more and the Divinity manifests itself more in them. But those without such (sacred) feelings will have a dim light like the bedroom light. However, the Divinity is one and the same in all. Those who know this truth will not give scope for any differences.  


Profound Illustrations
11-Pots may be many-Reflection of the same One Sun is seen in all-3.00-1989 June 20
Reflections are many, Sun is one
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One small illustration: There is a mud pot, a wooden vessel, a copper vessel, a brass vessel, a silver vessel and a gold vessel. When all these vessels are filled with water, the same sun gets reflected and shines in all these vessels. How can you decide which sun in which vessel is good and which sun in which vessel is bad? Therefore, you may put a value only to the vessel. You may say, “This mud pot is very small, it is cheap. This gold vessel is very costly”. Thus you may place a value on the vessel but how can you place a value on the reflection of the sun therein? How can you differentiate and decide that one sun is good and the other is bad?     

In this context, what is good and what is bad? The vessel belongs to the gross world, whereas the sun is related to the spiritual world. In that sense, the vessel is bad (ephemeral), whereas the sun is good (eternal). The sun is an infinite ocean of love. Every living being is the form of Love.
Without a vessel, there cannot be water contained in it. Without water, we cannot see the reflection of the sun therein. Therefore, to see the reflection of the sun, the vessel is very essential. It is also necessary to have water in the vessel. The water may be compared to the mind. The vessel may be compared to the body. The reflection of the sun therein may be compared to the Atma. Thus, the Atma in all is one and the same. Differences are only with respect to the vessel or the instrument (body).    


12-Unity in Diversity-Example of flower garland-2.07-1996 July 04
The Brahma Sutra
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There is only One. But it subsumes all diversity within it. Look, here is a flower garland. There are many flowers in it. Though there are many flowers (in the garland), there is only thread (binding the flowers together). This was a thread yesterday, it is a thread today and will continue to be a thread even tomorrow. The flowers were buds yesterday, today they have blossomed and tomorrow they will wither away.

Our (physical) bodies are like the flowers. Yesterday, it was youth, like a bud. Later we become old and fade away. In this manner, the body keeps changing, but the thread (principle of life) within, never fades. It remains the same in all three periods of times (past, present and future). This is called the Brahma Sutra (Brahma’s thread). The principle of Brahma Sutra exists in all. It never changes anytime. But the individual beings (Jeevas) in the form of flowers that are gathered on this thread keep changing. Therefore, we do not need to worry about life that keeps on changing. But we need to achieve with all our effort, that which does not change. This is the Sadhana that we need to do. We must use our mind and intellect in the proper way. 


13-Sweets are many-Sugar is One-Bulbs are many-Current is One-2.26-1996 June 18       
Bulbs are many, Current is one
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The Bharatiyas are wasting their time debating over the concepts of Dvaita (Dualism), Vishishtaadvaita(Qualified Non-dualism) and Advaita(Non-dualism). Eventually, all these three are one and the same. Advaita is like sugar juice, Vishishtaadvaita is like sugar, whereas Dvaita is like the one who eats the sugar. Mysorepak, Gulabjamoon, Barfi, Palkova, Mithai, Kheer, Biscuit – the sugar in all these sweet savories is one. The name and form are different. In the same way, in this world, all the nations, the names and the forms appear to be different. But the Divinity in all is one and the same. Ekaatma Sarva Bhootaantaratma (The same One Self is the inner Self in all). 

You can see so many bulbs here. But the current is one. That is Divine power. That Divine power is in you, in Me and in everyone. Then where is the difference. One (bulb) is red, one is blue, one is white and one is black. One is dull, another is bright and yet another is brighter. This is not a defect in the current. This is because of the difference in the bulbs.
God exists as One in all beings. The capacity of one’s heart is dim, another’s heart is bright and yet another’s is light. The difference is in the voltage. When you think of God always, incessantly, the voltage can be raised to any extent you want. Sarvada Sarva Kaaleshu, Sarvatra Harichintanam (Think of God always, at all times and everywhere).       
You may change the bulb, you may change the voltage, but do not change the current. To make your heart that is dim into a bright heart, develop Love. Develop Love, develop Love, develop Love. When you expand your Love, it (your heart) becomes light and bright.  


Pathways to Unity in Diversity
14-Samyak Drushti-Prerequisite to perceive Unity in Diversity-4.19-2001 May 07
Samyak Drushti
Right Vision

Immortality is true Nirvana. For this Nirvana, the appropriate path at the very first instance is Samyak Drushti(right/good vision). The eyes have been given to use them along the right path, have the vision of true humanity and propagate the Truth. Whatever you see, see it as God. The vision should be full of Love. This vision of Love will lead man along the right path. All are One, be alike to everyone. Therefore, we must develop Samyak Drushti. This will help us achieve the principle of Oneness. It will help us recognize Divinity in everybody. 

It is in this context that the Vedas declare, “Ekam Sath Viprah Bahuda Vadanti” (Truth is One, Scholars refer to it in many different ways). We must therefore recognize this Truth and perceive creation with this vision of Truth. Our vision must be sacred.
We look at our father and call him as “Father”. We look at our daughter and address her as “Daughter”. We develop different relationships on account of different forms of the body. But who is the father and who is the child?  
Maata Naasti, Pita Naasti, Naasti Bandhu Sahodara;
Artham Naasti, Gruham Naasti, Tasmaat Jagratah Jagratah Jagratah.
There is no mother, no father, no friend and no sibling;
There is no wealth, no home, be aware, be aware, be aware. 
All are One. All are verily the forms of God. Therefore, if we wish to progress towards Unity, we need to sacrifice and give up this (feeling of) Diversity. Vedanta refers to this (feeling of) Unity in Diversity as the true Atma Tatvam (principle of the Atma). What is this unity that exists in diversity? It is the One Atma. There is only one current in all the bulbs. In the same way, the (perception of) oneness in all this diversity is Atma Darshanam (vision of the Atma). We should never give any scope for the feeling of “My Atma”, “Your Atma”, “This one’s Atma”, “That one’s Atma”.
Humanity is drowned in ignorance because of the fragmentation of this Unity. True humanity lies in unifying the diversity. Differentiating and dividing is contradictory to humanity. Therefore, we should never enter onto the path of divisiveness. We should have unified vision. Samyak Drushti – this is the first teaching of Lord Buddha.        


15-Sadhana is required to see Unity-Example of Sculptor-Tat Tvam Asi-4.34-1996 July 20
Tat Tvam Asi
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So we have to strengthen the feeling of unity. There is only One (principle) in whatever we see. That is Divinity. We need some path to recognize this Divinity. We need to take up some tasks and we need to undertake some Sadhana. We can accomplish anything, only through spiritual practice. As we keep singing repeatedly, we learn to sing a song. As we keep chewing continuously, even the neem tree fruits, start tasting sweet. Similarly, you keep remembering God always and you will surely understand Divinity. We must think of God incessantly.

In Bharath, wherever you see, there is contemplation of God. With the advancement of the modern age, the opposition to God has increased. What do you believe? You believe in foolishness (Murkhatvam) but not in Moortitatvam (principle of idol worship). But they (modern people) consider idol worship as foolishness. One’s own conscience will be able to clearly state whose thinking is truly foolish. The belief that God is in everything; in animals, birds and beasts, is true social security / social justice. This form of social security is to be found only in Bharath and in no other nation.
Whatever one may see, be it even a tree, it is considered as God. If one sees an anthill, it is considered as God. There is a useless boulder fallen on a mountain. The sculptor chisels it and carves it. Chiseling and carving, he makes an idol of Rama from it. The sculptor makes an attractive idol of Rama out of a boulder on the mountain. Now did the sculptor make Rama out of the boulder or was there Rama in the boulder even from before? Rama was there (in the boulder) even before. The sculptor only removed the fat (unnecessary rock). Once the extra parts are removed, Rama manifested Himself. Therefore, Divinity is there in all.               
Here is a further example. We place this idol of Rama in a temple and offer worship. We refer to it (idol) as verily Lord Rama Himself. The small chips of stones in the boulder, from which the idol of Rama was carved out, remain behind in the forest only or in some pit. No one worships those pieces of stones. What is the reason? Because, there is no form here. Though they may not have a form, the pieces speak out, “Tat Tvam Asi – That and we are one and the same. It is the sculptor who came and separated us; else that (idol) and we (the pieces) are one and the same (boulder)”. This is referred to as “Tat Tvam Asi”, “Aham Brahaasmi”. We are verily that. But because of the worldly tendencies and worldly temptations, we on our own, are considering ourselves different and fragmenting ourselves to be different. The mistake lies in the individual (Vyakti) and not in the supreme power (Shakti). God is everywhere and we must have full faith in such Divinity.


16-Work-Worship-Wisdom are means to see Unity in Diversity-2.10-1996 July 20
One is Hero. World is Zero
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You may see many names and forms in this ephemeral and transient world. But, Eka Prabhu Ka Aneka Naam – There are many names for the One God. Ekoham Bahusyaam – The One has manifested as the Many. With His own Will He (the One) is being seen in many forms. Being One, He created Himself into many. To teach mankind unity in this diversity, the three paths of Karma (Action), Upaasana(Bhakti or devotion) and Jnaana (wisdom) were initiated. Work, Worship and Wisdom. Through these paths or approaches, they (people) tried to recognize the unity in diversity. But there is only One. Ekam Sath Viprah Bahuda Vadanti – The Truth is One, but the scholars refer to it in many ways.

All this multiplicity has originated from unity. This is one (indicating with a finger). This is nine (indicating with nine fingers). If you were to ask a child as to which number is greater, any child would say that the number nine is greater than the number one. No, no. The number one is greater. 1+1+1=1+1+1+1+1+1=9. If there is no “1”, how can you get a “9”? Therefore, this “One” is hero and this world is zero. It is said that “Hero becomes zero if he forgets God”. God is this One. If we forget Him, then this entire world amounts to nothing. This principle of Oneness is the teaching of the Bharatiya culture since ancient times.     


A Short Quiz
01-What is the difference between the physical heart and the spiritual heart according to Bhagawan?
02-What is the source and the meaning of the verse – “Sarvatah Panipaadam Tat Sarvatokshishiromukham”?
03- What is the source and the meaning of the verse – “Sahasrasheerusha Purushaha Sahasraaksha Sahasrapaat”?
04-What is the Telugu verse given by Bhagawan that talks about living together, growing together and learning together? Which is the close equivalent of this verse in Sanskrit and found in the Vedas?
05-Why does Bhagawan say that the virtuous person is far greater than an intellectual person?
06-What message does the verse – Ekaatma Sarvabhootaantaraatma– communicate?
07-What is meant by the Vedic dictum – “Anoraneeyaan Mahatomaheeyaan”?
08-Sariram Ratham Eva Cha, Atmaanam Rathinam Viddhi – What is the source of this verse and what does it mean?
09-Explain the analogy of the chariot and the charioteer given by Bhagawan, to help the mind to shift its focus from diversity to unity.
10-Birth, death, hunger and thirst are common to all – How does Bhagawan explain this?
11-List some of the fundamental unifying factors that Bhagawan mentions in a poetic format to demonstrate the unity in mankind.
12-Explain the analogy of the pots, wherein Bhagawan compares the body, mind and the Atman to the pot, water and the reflection (of the sun).
13-How does Bhagawan explain the concept of Brahma Sutrathrough the example of the flower garland?
14-Elaborate the analogy of the sweets and electric bulbs given by Bhagawan to explain the concept of the One in the Many.
15-What is the “Samyak Drushti” that Bhagawan talks about in the context of perceiving Unity in Diversity?
16-What is the meaning of the Vedic dictum, “Ekam Sath Viprah Bahuda Vadanti”?
17-Bhagawan often says, “Matru Devo Bhava, Pitry Devo Bhava” (Mother is God, Father is God). However, in the context of Unity in Diversity, Bhagawan says “Maata Naasti, Pita Naasti…” (There is no Mother, there is no Father). How do we reconcile this apparent contradiction?
18-What is the example that Bhagawan gives to show that practice make one perfect?
19-What amounts to true social security or social justice according to Bhagawan?
20-What is the core message embedded in the example of the sculptor and the sculpture?
21-How does Bhagawan explain the concept of Tat Tvam Asithrough the unique example of the idol of Lord Rama?
22-What does “Ekoham Bahusyaam” signify?
23-How does Bhagawan demonstrate that the number “1” is greater than the number “9”? What message does He drive home through this analogy?
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